Colorectal diseases refer to various medical conditions that affect an individual’s colon or rectum. The colon absorbs water from the waste that enters it thereby creating stool. These diseases may affect any part of the colon i.e. the ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, or the sigmoid colon. The rectum is the last part of the large intestine, and it starts at the end of the sigmoid colon. Here, the human body stores stool temporarily as stretch receptors stimulate a person’s desire to defecate. Colorectal diseases impede the functions of the colon and the rectum.
They differ depending on the ailment itself. For example, the possible causes of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases such as Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease include alterations in bacterial levels within the colon. Genetics, poor dieting, and a breach of intestinal walls may also cause these conditions. In contrast, the common causes of constipation include physical inactivity, overuse of laxatives, inadequate water intake, stress, neurological conditions, and an underactive thyroid among others.
Moreover, hemorrhoids develop in this part of the body because of obesity, anal intercourse, low fiber diet, pregnancy, chronic diarrhea, or sitting on the toilet for long periods. Finally, you should know that the cause of colon polyp is genetic mutation that leads to the division of cells even when new cells are unnecessary. This constant unregulated growth is the reason why this particular medical condition increases the likelihood of developing cancer.
Sometimes, something you ate may irritate your colon or rectum temporarily so mistaking that for a colorectal disease is unwise. However, persistent symptoms should concern you. For example, you should see a doctor if you suffer from constipation for more than one week. Diarrhea is also a common sign of a developing colorectal disease. Others include gas, pain, or cramps. Rectal bleeding is a severe symptom, and you should consult your doctor immediately as soon as you notice it. Finally, people who suffer from colorectal disease exhibit a constant sense of fatigue, and they may experience unexpected weight loss.
Options for treatments differ depending on the particular disease that is affecting a person. For example, a simple laxative may be sufficient when it comes to treating constipation. In contrast, removing part of the colon may be necessary when it comes to the treatment of Diverticulosis. Radical treatments for colorectal diseases also include replacing an individual’s colon and rectum with a bowel pouch. This treatment is an option when it comes to dealing with ulcerative colitis. In most cases, early detection of a problem is critical. Doctors can treat 80% to 90% of all rectal cancer patients successfully if they detect this ailment in its early stages.