Also referred to as the gastrointestinal system, the digestive system is an essential part of the human body. made of the stomach and small intestine which are responsible for processing the food, followed by the rectum and the colon, the latter being designed to pass the solid waste from the body. Having an in-depth understanding of the digestive system and how it works is important in order to 1) lower the risk for various colorectal diseases and ailments that affect the gastrointestinal system and 2) understand the treatments
Once you swallow the food and it reaches the stomach, the enzymes present in the stomach break it down and then pass it through the small intestine, which is significantly thinner than the colon and the rectum. The small intestine measures around 20 feet and its purpose is to absorb most of the nutrients, minerals and vitamins found in food. After that, the food passes through the large intestine which is typically located in the right lower abdomen and it is approximately four times shorter than the small intestine. The large bowel absorbs the remaining salt and water, and after that it serves as a storage area for the solid waste that will then be eliminated from the body.
The colon consists of four distinct sections: the ascending colon which is attached to the small bowel and it comprises the appendix as well, the transverse colon, the descending colon and the sigmoid colon. The transcending colon goes across the body, all the way from the right side of your abdomen to the left side. The descending colon, on the other hand, goes down to the left side of the abdomen, while the sigmoid colon got its name after the distinctive S-shape of this part. Once the food passes through the large bowel, it will be eliminated through the rectum and the anus, which is at the end of the digestive system.
Colorectal diseases can affect either the rectum or the colon, and it can be located in any one of the numerous layers of the colon, from the innermost colon to the one located at the exterior. Sometimes lifestyle and diet changes are sufficient to treat mild colorectal diseases. However, one of the most dangerous colorectal diseases is the colorectal cancer, which can spread through all the layers and outside of them, if left untreated. This is precisely why regular colon screenings play a crucial role for the early detection of potential colorectal diseases. With early detection, patients are more likely to make full recovery from the customised colon or rectum treatment that the colorectal doctors provide. Here are some of the colorectal treatments that our Singapore Medical Clinic portal provides.
Colostomy is the surgical procedure on the large intestines when patients are unable to have natural bowel movements.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome Treatment manages the intense pain when cramps occur in the intestines when lifestyle and dietary changes are not effective.
Laparoscopic Surgery is a minimally invasive procedure to treat different types of diseases in the colon.
Robotic Surgery for Colorectal Diseases allows the surgeon a 3D view of the colon, thus providing an in-depth perception for increased accuracy for colon surgeries.
Stoma Care after a colostomy or an ileostomy is important if the opening is a permanent one and helps patients recover faster if the condition is a temporary one.
Transanal Hemorrhoidal Dearterialization is a less painful and less invasive treatment for large 2nd degree and small 3rd degree hemorrhoids.
Contact our colorectal specialist today for a comprehensive consultation.